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The Horse Guards

The Horse Guards Room is a small room situated behind the Ante-Chapel Gallery. It was intended for the palace guard, which was kept by officers of the Horse Guards Regiment. The original finish to the Horse Guards Room is no longer exactly known. Archive documents testify that there was a painted design on the ceiling and that the walls were hung with twenty one pictures in gilt frames. The entire furnishings consisted of "a mahogany table on legs with collapsible flaps" and "A mahogany chair with a leather black cushion". Lighting was provided by a crystal lamp with four candles. When a Museum of Antiquities was being organized in the palace (1870-72), the Horse Guards Room was chosen as the Sarcophagus Room. Shelves mounted into the walls were lined with ancient urns originally acquired by Catherine the Great with the rest of the Lloyd Brown collection and previously situated in Tsarskoe Selo. Paul I had them transferred to Pavlovsk and they stood in the park in front of the Monument to Frederika (later converted into the Monument to Parents). At the start of the nineteenth century they were removed to one of the rooms in Voliere. When the palace-museum was reopened after restoration in 1957, the exposition of the state rooms began from this room. The walls of the Horse Guards Room were then again hung with pictures. Between 1973 and 1993, it was home to an exhibition describing the restoration of the palace.