The State Bedroom
The finish of the State Bedroom was designed by Vincenzo Brenna and completed in 1794. Brenna partially reworked the project originally conceived by the French artist and decorator Jean Demosphen Deugur (1749-1825) intended for the same room. It was the Frenchman who designed the magnificent carved bed. The gilt carving and moulding divide the walls and the ceiling of the State Bedroom into a series of panels and zones filled with polychrome painted designs. The main motifs in the interior design of the bedroom are park trellis railings, flowers, birds, insects and agricultural implements.
Taken as a whole, the finish of the State Bedroom creates the image of a light park summerhouse. The painting on the ceiling and in the padouga is made on the plaster; the painting on the walls is made on silk. The same motifs are repeated on the upholstery of the gilt carved furniture and the drapings on the windows and the canopy of the bed.
The painted designs were originally executed by Johann Jakob Mettenleiter after studies by a Parisian artist, Van Leen. The bed, couch and chairs bear the mark of the French master A. Jacob (1753-1824). They were manufactured in the 1780s and to this day maintain their original gilding, noted for its noble texture and highly delicate carved patterns. Like the bed, this furniture appears to have been manufactured after designs by Deugur specially commissioned for the State Bedroom. A carved gilt dresser for the crown (destroyed during the war) once stood in front of the bed. The original painted designs on silk still survive on the couch and on the backs of the chairs. The rest of the painting was recreated after the war on the basis of these specimens and photographs.
The ceiling of the State BedroomVincenzo Brenna designed the fireplace of white marble and coloured stone. It originally stood in the Boudoir of Maria Feodorovna in St Michael's Castle, before it was removed to the Pavlovsk Palace in 1803-04 (recreated after the war). Among the original furnishings are the celebrated porcelain dressing set and mirror (Sevres pottery, France, 1781-82). Made in the technique of Jubilee porcelain, it was a gift from the King of France. Other original items are a marble signed statuette Girl with a Nest (C. Albacini, Italy, 1770s), the bronze trivets (P.-F. Thomire, France, 1790s), the girandole lamps (France, 1780s) and the porcelain vases (St Petersburg, 1780s) on the fireplace and the porcelain crater vases in front of the fireplace (St Petersburg, 1790s). After the war, the State Bedroom was given a crystal chandelier with ruby pivot (J. Zech workshop, St Petersburg, 1797), similar to the original one.